Svetlana V. Androsova
Amur State University / Foreign Languages Department，Russia
Research Area: Phonetics (speech acoustics, speech perception), phonology
Weak forms in different languages: Data obtaining, processing, interpretation, application
Weak forms are universal – there is no language without them. They do not just exist – they are abundant. Without intentional training, they can lead to perception failures making listening results poor. They do not appear chaotically – they can be explained and predicted. These are the major reasons why we must make them a part of any foreign language teaching methodology. In linguistic literature and dictionaries, weak forms are mostly limited to functional/grammatical/structural words in unstressed positions. The hypothesis of this paper is that (i) the term “weak form” can be applied to phoneme, syllable, word and word group, (ii) in a real speech flow, notional words can also manifest weak forms, (iii) in a sample meant for listening/watching, weak forms must be identified, organized and exposed to controlled activity in the classroom. The paper gives examples of weak forms from English, Russian, Chinese and Pashto spontaneous speech. It also offers some techniques of designing exercises for training them at English classes.
Assoc. Prof.Olga Morozova
Head of the Foreign Languages Department of the Amur State University, Russia
Research Area: Language revitalization, Russian-Chinese border region, Tungusic languages and cultures, Evenki, Oroqen, phonetic research, educational Olympiad
The International Olympiad in the languages and cultures of Russian Evenki and Chinese Oroqen as a driver of scientific research and language revitalization
The experience of interregional and international cooperation of the Amur State University (Russia) and the Oroqen Scientific Society (China) in holding educational olympiads in order to preserve, study and revitalize the languages of the indigenous peoples of the Amur region is presented. The speech also presents the results of a sociolinguistic analysis of the Olympiad data. Based on the conclusions of this study, we propose recommendations for the revitalization of the Evenki language in Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation (RF). During the Olympiad competition, the speech of Evenki and Oroqen of different ages is recorded at the Laboratory of Experimental-Phonetic Research (LEFI) of the AmSU. The corpus of the Evenki and Oroqen oral speech serves as material for multidisciplinary studies on the vitality of the Tungusic languages of the Upper Amur region. Phonetic research on the corpus demonstrates changes in the articulatory phonetics of both the young and middle generations of the contestants.
Associate Prof. Peter Thomas Zabielskis
Department of Sociology, University of Macau, China
Research Area: Anthropology of space, place, art, architecture, and urban development,Heritage preservation,Ethnographic and documentary media/film